The immigration patterns in the United States have been changing for several years. Undocumented and poorly educated immigrants have been replaced by highly trained foreign citizens who arrive in the U.S. legally and sustain the nation’s economic development.
According to the census data, Asian immigrants now account for the largest incoming foreign group. As of 2013, immigrants from China and India have overtopped the Mexicans. At the same time, more Mexicans are returning to their home country and the number of illegal immigrants has declined nearly 8 percent in the past six years.
Immigrants who arrive in the United States tend to be increasingly educated, data shows. For instance, about 40 percent of Indians and a quarter of the Chinese in the U.S. have a graduate degree, compared to just 12 percent among the native-born. Moreover, the median income for households headed by an Indian exceeds $100,000, double the U.S. median. As for the Chinese immigrants, many of them have come to the U.S. seeking education. Chinese make the largest group of foreign-born students in the United States, with 304,000 student visas issued in the past academic year.
Nevertheless, economists say that not only these increasingly educated and highly skilled immigrants contribute to the American society. Immigrants from the other end of the socio-economic ladder are just as likely to benefit the U.S. economy.
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