With 8 million individuals, undocumented immigrants make up approximately 5 percent of the civilian workforce in the United States. A new report from the Pew Research Center based on government data found that the number of unauthorized foreign workers saw little change since the Great Recession ended in 2009. In California, there were approximately 1.7 undocumented immigrant workers in 2014; in Texas, there were 1.1 million, and in New York, 600,000. In Nevada, unauthorized immigrants also account for a large share of the workforce, at 10.4 percent, and in Texas, they make up 8.5 percent of the labor force.
The report also found that 92 percent of unauthorized immigrants are of working age, between 18 and 64, compared with only 60 percent of the U.S.-born population and 76% of the lawful immigrants. Although they are spread throughout the entire economy, some sectors have a higher percentage of immigrant workers. They hold 26 percent of the farming jobs, 15 percent of the construction jobs, and about 9 percent of the jobs in leisure and hospitality. However, the analysis shows that undocumented immigrants were outnumbered by U.S.-born workers in all industries and occupations.
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