The H-2A program for Temporary Agricultural Workers allows foreign workers to enter the United States for a specified period of time and fill an agricultural job. Last year, the U.S. government has issued 55,384 H-2A visas to temporary agriculture workers. This industry often faces labor shortages and needs international workers to fill the demand.
In order to qualify for an H-2A nonimmigrant visa, the applicant needs a temporary or seasonal job offer. In this case, the visa is requested by the employer, who must demonstrate that there aren’t enough U.S. workers for the specific job and thus needs to bring in qualified international workers. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services usually grants temporary worker visas for a year, but the validity can be extended to up to three years. Workers who have stayed for 3 years in the U.S. with an H-2A visa must depart the country and remain outside the U.S. for 3 months before reapplying for a new visa. Also, only citizens from certain countries designated by the Secretary of Homeland Security can participate in this program.
Temporary workers can also bring their family members (spouse and unmarried children under 21 years of age) to the United States. During this time, they can also seek employment.
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