Immigrant workers are classified in different categories when trying to enter the United States permanently. Most of the classifications require them to have a job offer. On the other hand, there are two categories that don’t require workers to have a job offer. Workers are fully eligible to self-petition and don’t need to have an US employer to sponsor them. These categories are as follows:
- Individuals of extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, arts, business or athletics, (E11)
- Individuals who were granted a National Interest Waiver (NIW), (E21)
Please keep in mind that you cannot self-petition if you do not belong in one of the above-mentioned categories. You can check other employment options available that will get you a green card if you do not belong in the E11 and E21 categories.
The application Process
- If you are currently living outside of the US
When living outside of the US, you can only become a permanent resident through consular processing. Consular processing is when U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) collaborates with the Department of State and issues a visa on an approved Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker, when a visa is available.
- If you are currently living inside the US
When living inside the United States, you can become a permanent resident through adjustment of status. After the I-140 is approved and also a visa number is available, you can then apply on Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, to become a permanent resident.
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